What are the symptoms, damage & treatment of kidney failure?

What is kidney disease (KD)?


What are the symptoms of kidney failure (Kidney damage)? Chronic renal disease refers to a group of disorders that harm your kidneys and reduce their ability to keep you healthy by performing the tasks outlined. If your kidney condition worsens, wastes in your blood might build up to dangerously high levels, making you unwell. High blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional status, and nerve damage are all possible problems. Kidney disease also raises your chances of heart and blood vessel problems. These issues may develop gradually over a lengthy period of time. Diabetes, high blood pressure, and other illnesses can lead to chronic kidney disease. Early detection and treatment can typically prevent the progression of chronic renal disease. (what-are-the-symptoms-damage-treatment-of-kidney)

What is kidney disease (KD)?

What causes kidney disease (CKD)?

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two most common causes of chronic kidney disease, accounting for up to two-thirds of cases. When your blood sugar levels are too high, diabetes damages several organs in your body, including your kidneys and heart, as well as your blood vessels, nerves, and eyes. When the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels rises, you have high blood pressure, or hypertension. High blood pressure, whether uncontrolled or poorly regulated, is a primary cause of heart attacks, strokes, and chronic renal disease. High blood pressure can also be a symptom of chronic renal disease.(What are the symptoms of kidney failure?)

Other illnesses that impact the kidneys include:

  • Glomerulonephritis is a collection of disorders that affect the kidney’s filtration units, causing inflammation and damage. The third most prevalent type of renal disease is this one.
  • Inherited disorders, such as polycystic kidney disease, in which huge cysts grow in the kidneys and cause tissue damage.
  • Malformations that occur during the development of a kid in its mother’s womb. A constriction, for example, may occur, preventing normal urine outflow and causing urine to flow back up to the kidney. This can lead to infections and renal damage.
  • Other disorders that influence the immune system, such as lupus.
  • In men, obstructions are caused by issues such as kidney stones, tumors, or an enlarged prostate gland.
  • Urinary tract infections on a regular basis.

What are the symptoms of kidney failure?


There are many causes of kidney failure .Some of them are below-


  • You’re having problems falling asleep. Toxins linger in the circulation rather than exiting the body through urine when the kidneys aren’t filtering adequately. This can make sleeping difficult. Obesity has also been linked to chronic Kidney damage, and sleep apnea is more common in chronic kidney disease patients than in the general population.
  • Your urine has blood in it. When kidneys filter wastes from the blood to make urine, they usually keep the blood cells in the body, but when the filters in the kidneys are broken, the blood cells can “leak” out into the urine. Blood in the urine can indicate malignancies, kidney stones, or an infection, in addition to renal disease.
  • You’re feeling tired, have less energy, or can’t seem to concentrate. A significant drop in kidney function can result in an accumulation of toxins and pollutants in the bloodstream. This can make people fatigued, weak, and make it difficult to concentrate. Anemia, which can induce weakness and weariness, is another effect of kidney illness.
  • Your urine has a frothy consistency. Excessive bubbles in the urine, especially those that require multiple flushes to disappear, suggest the presence of protein in the urine. Because the common protein found in urine, albumin is the same protein found in eggs, this foam may resemble the foam you see when scrambling eggs.
  • Your feet and ankles are swollen. Reduced renal function can cause salt retention, which causes edema in the feet and ankles. Heart illness, liver disease, and chronic leg vein problems can all cause swelling in the lower limbs.
  • Your skin is dry and itching. Kidneys that are in good health perform a variety of critical functions. They assist your body remove waste and excess fluid, help form red blood cells, keep your bones strong, and keep the appropriate amount of minerals in your blood. Dry, itchy skin can be an indication of mineral and bone illness, which is common with severe renal disease and occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to maintain the proper balance of minerals and nutrients in the blood.
  • You don’t have a lot of appetite. This is a very common symptom, but one of the explanations could be a buildup of toxins due to decreased renal function.
  • Your muscles are tense. Impaired renal function can lead to electrolyte abnormalities. Muscle cramping can be caused by low calcium levels and poorly managed phosphorus, for example.
  • You’re seeing puffiness around your eyes that won’t go away. Protein in the urine is a symptom that the filters in the kidneys have been damaged, allowing protein to flow into the urine. Your kidneys may be leaking a high amount of protein into the urine rather than storing it in the body, causing puffiness around your eyes.
  • You feel compelled to urinate more frequently. If you’re urinating more frequently, especially at night, it could be an indication of renal illness. When the kidney filters are compromised, the urge to urinate can become stronger. In males, this can sometimes be an indication of a urinary infection or an enlarged prostate.

How treatment is kidney disease (CKD)?


Treatment for kidney failure is influenced on the nature and severity of the problem. Kidney damage can be slowed down by treating a chronic medical condition. Your doctor may use one or more measures to monitor your health if your kidneys begin to lose function gradually. Your doctor can help you keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible by keeping a careful eye on you.
Your doctor may use the following tests to assess your kidney function:
  • Blood tests are performed on a regular basis.
  • Checking your blood pressure
  • Medication
People with renal failure require treatment to stay alive because the kidneys serve such a crucial function. The following are the most common therapies for renal failure:
  • This treatment aids the body’s blood filtration system (doing the job that the kidneys can no longer perform).
  • Hem dialysis is a procedure in which a machine cleans your blood on a regular basis. This renal failure medication is usually given three or four times a week at a hospital or dialysis center.
  • Peritoneal dialysis uses a catheter and a dialysis solution to clean the blood in a somewhat different way. People can sometimes complete their treatment at home.
  • Kidney transplant surgery involves doctors implanting a healthy kidney into your body to replace your damaged organs. This healthy kidney, often known as a donor organ, might originate from a deceased or living donor, such as a friend or family member.(What are the symptoms of kidney failure?)


Is it possible to prevent renal failure?

While chronic kidney disease cannot be reversed, there are numerous things you can do to assist preserve the kidney function you have now. Healthy habits and routines may help to reduce the rate at which kidneys lose their ability to function.

  You should do the following if you have chronic renal disease or kidney failure:

  • With the help of your doctor, keep an eye on your kidney function.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels under control.
  • Maintain your blood pressure in a healthy range.
  • Smoking should be avoided.
  • Make appropriate dietary choices, such as reducing protein and sodium-rich foods.

Also read:  About heart attacked treatment 

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